8000 Bc Timeline Homework

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History


Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History


Storage jar decorated with mountain goats


Kneeling bull holding a spouted vessel


Striding figure with ibex horns, a raptor skin draped around the shoulders, and upturned boots


Vase with overlapping pattern and three bands of palm trees


Monstrous male figure


Head of a ruler


  • 59.52

  • 66.173

  • 2007.280

  • 17.190.106

  • 2010.166

  • 47.100.80

© 2000–2018 The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Alexandria, Egypt.

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Greek era (331–30 BCE)[edit]

See also: History of Alexandria in the Greek era (fr)

323–30 BCE[edit]

Egypt's capital under Ptolemaic dynasty

50 BC–330 CE[edit]

Romans in power

Byzantine rule 390–650[edit]

  • 391 CE – Theodosius I orders destruction of pagan temples.
  • 395 CE – Roman Empire formally split in two. The official start of so-called Byzantine Empire.
  • 415 CE – Lynching of the philosopher Hypatia by a radical Christian mob. The expulsion of the Jews from Alexandria, in 414 or 415 CE under the leadership of Saint Cyril. Around 100000 Jews expelled - another Pogrom or "Alexandria Expulsion". [1][2]
  • 619 CE – City besieged; Sassanid Persians in power.
  • 641–642 CE – City besieged; Arabs in power;[3] capital of Egypt relocates from Alexandria to Fustat.
  • 645 CE – Byzantines back in power.

Muslim Rule 700–1800[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^http://www.research-projects.uzh.ch/p498.htm, Cyril of Alexandria, Against Julian: Critical edition of books 1-10 ,page 503
  2. ^Alexandria in Late Antiquity: Topography and Social Conflict By Christopher Haas, JHU Press, Nov 4, 2002 - History - 520 pages, Part IV "Jewish Community"
  3. ^"Timelines: Egypt: AD 642 to present", World Book, USA, (Subscription required (help)) 
  4. ^Synagogues listed here:http://www.nebidaniel.org/synagogues.php?lang=en
  5. ^Donald Malcolm Reid (1993). "The Egyptian Geographical Society: From Foreign Laymen's Society to Indigenous Professional Association". Poetics Today. 14: 539–572. doi:10.2307/1773284. JSTOR 1773284. 
  6. ^ abP.C. Sadgrove (2007), The Egyptian Theatre in the Nineteenth Century (1799–1882), Garnet Publishing, ISBN 9780863723223 
  7. ^"Alexandria". ArchNet.org. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  8. ^"Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 
  9. ^Der Volks-Brockhaus, Wiesbaden, 1965
  10. ^United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279. 
  11. ^Sweco; Nordic Consulting Group (2003), Review of the Implementation Status of the Trans African Highways and the Missing Links(PDF), 2: Description of Corridors, African Development Bank and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa 
  12. ^United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321. 
  13. ^"Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 
  14. ^"Fatal clashes on Egypt uprising anniversary". BBC News. 25 January 2013. 

This article incorporates information from the French Wikipedia and the German Wikipedia.


Published in 18th–19th century
  • Carsten Niebuhr (1792). "Of the City of Alexandria". Travels through Arabia. Translated by Robert Heron. Edinburgh: R. Morison and Son – via HathiTrust. 
  • H. A. S. Dearborn (1819), "Alexandria", A Memoir on the Commerce and Navigation of the Black Sea, Boston: Wells & Lilly 
  • Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Alexandria", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse 
  • Josiah Conder (1827), "Topographical Description: Alexandria", The Modern Traveller, London: J.Duncan, OCLC 8876014 
  • Gardner Wilkinson (1847), "Alexandria", Hand-book for Travellers in Egypt, J. Murray, OCLC 23931478 
  • J. Willoughby Rosse (1858). "Alexandria". Index of Dates ... Facts in the Chronology and History of the World. London: H.G. Bohn – via HathiTrust. 
  • I. Smith Homans (1859), "Alexandria", Cyclopedia of Commerce and Commercial Navigation (2nd ed.), New York: Harper 
  • Bayard Taylor (1874), "Alexandria After 22 Years", Egypt and Iceland in the Year 1874, New York: G.P. Putnam 
  • H. de Vaujany (1885), Alexandrie et la Basse-Égypte (in French), Paris: Librairie Plon 
  • Ali Mubarak (1886–1889). "v.7: Alexandria". Al-Khitat (in Arabic). 
  • Ibrahim-Hilmy (1886), "Alexandria", The literature of Egypt and the Soudan from the earliest times to the year 1885 inclusive: a bibliography, London: Trübner and Co. 
  • "Alexandria", Appleton's European Guide Book, New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1888 
  • "Egypt: Places and Cities: Alexandria". Bulletin of the Public Library of the City of Boston (94). 1893. 
Published in 20th century
  • "Alexandria". Guide to Palestine and Egypt. London: Macmillan and Co. 1901. 
  • T.G. Bonney; et al. (1904), "Alexandria", The Mediterranean, its Storied Cities and Venerable Ruins, New York: J. Pott 
  • Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge (1906), "Alexandria", Cook's Handbook for Egypt and the Sudan (2nd ed.), London: T. Cook & Son, OCLC 7434398 
  • "Alexandria". Guide to Egypt and the Sudan (5th ed.). London: Macmillan and Co. 1908. 
  • "Alexandria", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive 
  • "Alexandria", The Mediterranean, Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1911, OCLC 490068 
  • Rhuvon Guest (1913–1936), "al-Iskandarīya", Encyclopaedia of Islam (1st ed.), Brill, ISBN 9789004082656 [1]
  • Breccia, Evaristo (1914), Alexandrea ad Aegyptum; guide de la ville ancienne et moderne et du Musée gréco-romain (in French), Bergamo: Istituto italiano d'arti grafiche 
  • Jonet (1921). Atlas historique de la ville et des ports d'Alexandrie (in French). Cairo. 
  • E. M. Forster (1922), Alexandria: a History and a Guide, Alexandria: W. Morris 
  • Michael J. Reimer (1988). "Colonial Bridgehead: Social and Spatial Change in Alexandria, 1850–1882". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 20. JSTOR 163400. 
  • Noelle Watson, ed. (1996). "Alexandria". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa. UK: Routledge. ISBN 1884964036. 
Published in 21st century
  • Paul Tiyambe Zeleza; Dickson Eyoh, eds. (2003). "Alexandria, Egypt". Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. Routledge. ISBN 0415234794. 
  • Kevin Shillington, ed. (2005). "Alexandria". Encyclopedia of African History. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 978-1-57958-245-6. 
  • Josef W. Meri, ed. (2006). "Alexandria". Medieval Islamic Civilization. Routledge. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-415-96691-7. 
  • Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters, eds. (2009). "Alexandria". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Facts on File. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. 
  • David Abulafia (2011). "A Tale of Four and a Half Cities, 1900–1950". The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press. p. 588. ISBN 978-0-19-975263-8.  (about Alexandria, Jaffa, Salonika, Smyrna)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexandria.
Aerial view of Alexandria, 1990

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