major approaches to the measurement of
absolute poverty. It attempts to define
the absolute minimum resources necessary
for long-term physical well-being, usually
in terms of consumption goods.
The poverty line is then defined as the
amount of income required to satisfy
immediate "basic needs" is;
level of consumption of 'basic needs' of
not just food, water, and shelter, but
also sanitation, education, and healthcare.
Different agencies use different lists.
Related approaches, taking their cue from the
work of Amartya Sen, focus on 'capabilities'
rather than consumption.
In the development discourse, the basic needs
model focuses on the measurement of what is
believed to be an eradicable level of poverty.
Development programs following the basic needs
approach do not invest in economically productive
activities that will help a society carry its own
weight in the future, rather it focuses on allowing
the society to consume just enough to rise above
the poverty line and meet its basic needs.
These programs focus more on subsistence than
fairness. Nevertheless, in terms of "measurement",
the basic needs or absolute approach is important.
satisfied or we experience dissonance leading
to internal and/or external reactions. Below
is a list of what could be considered 5 of the
most basic needs.
Each is examined in terms of what may result
when it is not met followed by some teacher
behaviors that might facilitate its attainment.
our destiny. If we do not feel we have any
power, common internal reactions include;
while common external
giving students choices, giving responsibility
for aspects of the class, giving rights, and
refraining from bossiness.
are a wanted part of a group. If we feel
perpetually unloved, alienated or isolated,
common internal reactions include;
while common external
love and belonging by recognizing unique
qualities and talents, creating an emotionally
safe, community environment, and showing a
sense of caring to the students.
If we feel useless, incompetent or
unappreciated, common internal reactions
and/or a sense of
while common external
of competence by focussing on progress and
not products, recognizing incremental
achievement and original ideas, expressing
high expectations, and helping students
achieve the goals they have set for
have freedom of choice.
to become withdrawn
while common external
and/or seeking paths
around the authority.
Teachers can help students experience freedom
through supporting autonomy and creativity
(when students act responsibly).
while common external
making ones own fun,
engaging the teacher
in (off-task) games,
by the use of humor, providing opportunities
to play, making learning interesting and a
thoughtful use of healthy competition.
person has a hierarchy of needs that
must be satisfied.
needs for love,
needs for self esteem
needs for self actualization.
be explained as follows:
1. Physiological need:
be essential for being alive. There will be
no progress in other areas of life if these
needs have not yet to be fulfilled.
to be safe from all dangers and want to make
sure that he can carry on our life without
to others. We can not live alone and need to
be recognized by our love ones.
The need for love is so strong that it is the
major mold of character in the childhood and
it is the major ingredient that shape human
life in psychological theory.
inner fulfillment. Man wants to know that he
Besides he wants to feel that sense of
importance through himself.
This is why it is called "Self esteem".
being to understand himself and see the
value in his self.
He tries to find himself through religion
and his spiritual guidance.
This is the area that is most meaningful
in human being's life.
of economics is want vs. need.
something you can't do without. A good
example is food.
If you don't eat, you won't survive for
long. Many people have gone days without
eating, but they eventually ate a lot of
You might not need a whole lot of food,
but you do need to eat.
A want is something you would like to have.
It is not absolutely necessary, but it
would be a good thing to have.
A good example is music. Now, some people
might argue that music is a need because
they think they can't do without it. But
you don't need music to survive. You do
need to eat.
These are general categories, of course.
Some categories have both needs and wants.
For instance, food could be a need or a
want, depending on the type of food.
You need to eat protein, vitamins, and
minerals. How you get them is up to you
(and your family).
You can eat meat, nuts, or soy products
to get protein. You can get fruits and
vegetables to get vitamins and minerals.
You can eat yogurt or cheese to get other
vitamins and minerals. You can eat bread
to get still more vitamins and minerals.
These basic kinds of foods are needs.
Children from the Parenting With Confidence
Facilitator's Training conducted by Focus on
the Family (Singapore).
Understanding the basic needs of our children
helps us as parents to meet our child's needs.
accept them unconditionally. They need
parents to be non-judgmental and not compare
them to others, accepting them as who they
are despite their behaviour.
Parents are advised to give their children
positive reassurance and encouragement.
Acceptance will help children to develop a
sense of security.
For example, a parent should always remind
their child that they love them and are
special to them, just by being their son
children. This is how their children know
that their parent cares for them and loves
Parents can spend quality time with their
children by talking, reading, writing,
playing, massaging and hugging them.
When parents show affection to their
children, their children will feel
loved and contended.
If the children have enough attention (quality
time) with the adult, many behavioral problems
and acting out may be reduced.
Sometimes, children misbehave to get attention
from parents. Children prefer negative attention
(e.g. scolding, punishment) rather than no
attention (being neglected or ignored) at all.
It is advisable for parents to set aside some
time to have some activities to communicate
your love with your children.
A parents' availability gives importance and
self-worth to children. When parents give
undivided attention to their children, they
will feel loved.
For instance, I play some bonding activities
(e.g. memory games, imagery games, role-playing
and so on) with my children after dinner.
My husband will read story books with children
before sleep. We do our best to give children
attention so that we can meet their emotional
It is to give children unconditional positive
feedback. Affirmation makes them feel importance.
It helps the children to build self-confidence
For instance, mother may say to her daughter,
I appreciate your attentiveness during the
class. You are diligent. I am proud of you.
It is my honor to be your mother.
trust them and count on them. They will
learn how to take responsibility for their
actions, how to make good choices about
their behaviour, and face outcomes from
their choices. It helps to develop a sense
of responsibility in children.
For example, a child spills his water on
the floor. He asks his mother for a mop to
clean up the floor. Mother says, I recognize
that you are responsible to clean up the mess.
By her showing her appreciation to her child's
effort to clean up the mess, the child knew that
he was responsible to face the consequences of
When parents praise the character quality of
their children, it helps them to develop good
are the five basic
needs of children.
children will help them develop good
characters and minimize behavior problems.
The earlier you start bonding and meeting your
child's basic needs the smoother parenting will
situation then you must carefully
prioritize your needs.
It is widely accepted that for a human
to survive they must have access to the
Tom Brown Suggest that we must find
(In this order):
may use for an indefinite duration to
survive a dangerous situation sometimes
also referred to as Bushcraft.
In general survival skills are used to
provide the basic needs for human life,
additional survival skills can be employed
to signal for help, navigate back to safety
and to avoid unwanted attention from animals
and harmful plants.
Aid can be a vital
priorities is called the "Rule of Three":
Employed mnemonic device, the Rule of
1. Humans cannot survive more than three
hours exposed to extreme low-temperature.
2. Humans cannot survive more than three
days without water.
3. Humans cannot survive more than three
weeks without food.
1 Self Actualization Needs
2 Esteem Needs
(self respect personal worth, autonomy)
3 Love and Belongingness Needs
(love, friendship, comradeship)
4 Safety Needs
(security; protection from harm)
5 Physiological Needs;
http://www.mass.gov / ?pageID=eohhs2topic&L=3&
http://www.associatedcontent.com / article / 2929354 / lesson_objectives_for_te
Every day we make decisions and take actions in our life based on what we think, feel and believe is most important. While we may not always be consciously aware of why we make the decisions that we do, the truth is that each of us have our own unique filters of perception that naturally rank certain decisions and actions higher than others. It’s fascinating to consider that while we currently have over 7 billion versions of reality unfolding each day on the planet, that each of us share a core set of Human Needs which guide and motivate our decisions and actions.
The Six Human Needs
The Six Human Needs were originally introduced by Anthony Robbins, who has cultivated a life long fascination with human behavior, development and motivation. Merging his studies with Neural Linguistic Programming, Cognitive Therapy, Gestalt Therapy and many other models of thought along with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Robbins developed a dynamic way of exploring what he believed to be the six core psychological “needs” that each of us constantly work to satisfy on a mostly unconscious level.
According to Robbins, these Six Human Needs influence our deepest motivations and determine how we go about prioritizing our decisions and actions throughout our life. Similar to our modern Chakra system, our Six Human Needs move in ascending order, from a more personality and material level, into our connectivity, interaction and energetic influence in the world. We each have different phases and areas of our life where our focus and prioritized need may be different, and in truth each need serves a vital part of creating a life that is whole and fulfilling at all levels. Let’s take a closer look now at the Six Human Needs.
The need for safety, security, comfort, order, consistency, control
At a basic level, each of us have a need to satisfy a core sense of stability in the world. At a very primal level, satisfying the need for certainty helps guarantee the continuation of our DNA. We do what we need to claim Certainty by covering the basics, doing the work that is needed, paying our bills, securing the roof above our head, staying safe in our endeavors and relationships.
The challenge of satisfying this need is that the world and lives of those around us are constantly changing and so sometimes our need for Certainty causes us to put a fence of controls around our life and/or to stay in our comfort zone and resist change (even healthy change). In the positive, fulfilling the human need for Certainty means finding and creating a sense of centeredness and stability within. As the world moves we claim power in taking the time to know who we are, in having faith in the currents of life and trusting that one of the certainties of life is change.
The need for uncertainty, diversity, challenge, change, surprise, adventure
Just as we each need to experience a sense of Certainty in the world, there are times when we must also break from that which is known, defined and predictable in order to allow ourselves to evolve and become more of who we came here to be. The need for uncertainty, diversity and movement interrupts patterns of predictability and stagnation, allowing us to expand who we are and experience ourselves in motion. Of course there is risk in letting go of that which is certain and known, but when we let go of “needing to know”, we enter a realm of possibility that is not bound by past experience.
In life, our efforts to satisfy the need for Variety can be taken to extremes when our primary driver is constant change (in location, relationship, job, etc.) and while there may be times when feasting at the full buffet of diversity is exactly what we need, over time, satisfying the need for Variety by changing our external surroundings alone, can prevent us from fully engaging with life right where we are.
In the positive, Variety comes in a balanced approach that allows us to move dynamically in our outer and inner landscapes – allowing change when change is needed, starting with ourselves. When we create a genuine shift within, that which needs to change on the outside will do so naturally (often without needing to move to another country or leave one job or relationship in order to discover similar challenges in the next).
These first two Human Needs (Certainty and Variety) work as polarities with each other – seemingly opposing forces that together make a whole. When we are out of balance with one (i.e. so Certain that we are bored) it is often the other (i.e. a dose of something new) that brings us back into balance.
The need for meaning, validation, feeling needed, honored, wanted, special
As we balance the forces of Certainty and Variety in our life and step out into the world, the next Human Need is to be seen and validated for who we are and what we do. The need for Significance tells us that we do not exist in isolation but as part of a greater whole, and to be an effective part of that whole we need to know that we are playing our part – and being honored for that expression. Satisfying our need for Significance is part of creating our sense of identity in the world and for those who follow the Chakra system, this need can be aligned with our Solar Plexus and the experience/expression of the Self.
The challenge with fulfilling this need is when we become solely dependent on input and approval from others in order to feel complete within ourselves (a big challenge for teens). Or if we have a single source of Significance that is far more powerful than other aspects of our life (i.e. a job or career), that source can become an addiction causing us to lose perspective and limit the depth of our relationships in other areas. In the positive, our need for Significance is fulfilled by a humble sense of internal acknowledgement for following our own path of integrity and expression in the world and by doing so in ways that are life-force giving to ourselves and those around us.
4. Love and Connection
The need for connection, communication, intimacy and shared love with others
We each have a need to love and be loved by others. We each have a need to belong.
Central to our experience of fulfillment in life is to authentically love and make deep connections with other living beings. While fulfilling our need for Significance may temporarily fill our own cup, exchanging genuine Love and Connection with others allows that cup to overflow and pour into the hearts and lives of those we are with. The shift to this Human Need is much like a shift from the Solar Plexus up into the Heart as it takes our energy and focus beyond self concern into the discovery of power in our depth of communion with others.
As with the previous Human Needs, there are different ways to experience and express our Love and Connection with others – some more healthy and balanced than others. In most cases the most balanced place to ignite the fulfillment of this Human Need is by taking time to genuine connect with and love the many aspects of our own being. When we are connected to our Self in the truest sense, this connection naturally aligns with and permeates out to genuine Connection and Love others.
The first four Human Needs are often referred to as “personality needs” as they are centered around our individual quest for self-fulfillment and achievement in a worldly sense. In Human Needs Psychology, the final two needs are defined as “Needs of the Spirit” as they provide doorways to our deeper sense of true happiness and fulfillment in life – in both physical and non-physical realms.
The need for physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual development
One thing that is true of every living thing on Earth is that in order to survive, in order to thrive, we must grow. Whether we are talking about a micro-organism, a relationship or creative endeavor, that which ceases to grow, ultimately stagnates and dies. The Human Need of Growth both relies on and feeds the first four Human Needs, breathing life into all areas of our existence. As with all Human Needs, the need for Growth can also be taken to out-of-balance extremes.
Growing and expanding can be so fulfilling in its own right that sometimes our quest to fulfill this need causes us to limit ourselves from being fully present in life as it is, or postpone applying our growth and knowledge in the world for fear of not being “ready” or “enough”. In the positive, fulfilling our need for Growth comes with an acceptance that Growth is a journey, not a destination, and that continual Growth also means allowing ourselves to be real, to be imperfect and to find authentic ways to share what we discover and learn with others.
The need to give, care, protect beyond ourselves, to serve others and the good of all.
As we ascend to the sixth Human Need we move into the power of living our life’s purpose and bringing real value to the lives of others. Our need for Contribution rises naturally from the positive fulfillment of the other five needs, being expressed in such a way that brings a genuine sense of value to the word.
Contribution comes from a fundamental yearning to have our lives mean something, to make a difference, to give or bring something to the world that continues to benefit others when we are gone. Our need for Contribution can be fulfilled in a massive variety of ways – from launching a foundation or volunteering to support a cause we believe in, to simply pausing from our busy day to smile, hug or help someone in need). The challenge with this Human Need is that once we connect the power of being in genuine service in the world, we can quite quickly become overwhelmed with all of the places, people and animals that are in need of support.
Many people who value the need for Contribution above all others, find it difficult to also contribute and give to themselves. One of the greatest expressions of this need comes when we allow ourselves to realize that Contribution comes not only from what we “do”, but from who we are “being” on a moment to moment basis. When we are empowered to BE our Contribution in the simplest of ways, actions that arise from this place are aligned with who we are and carry great power.
How are you meeting your Six Human Needs?
At different phases of life and personal development we naturally value different needs for different reasons. In the end, creating a fulfilling, successful and happy life will likely weave a positive balance between all six of these Human Needs.
Here’s a few questions to help you gain a sense for how these needs are currently being met (or not) in your life:
- How do the Six Human Needs show up currently in your life?
- If you ranked the Human Needs in order of which gets most of your focus what would be at the top of the list?
- Which of the Human Needs are you meeting in positive/life-giving ways and which ones feel out of balance, over-indulged or lacking in your life?
- What’s one Human Need that you could focus on fulfilling in a new way that would me more aligned with who you came here to be and how you want to live your life?
- Is there a seventh of eighth Human Need that you would add to the list? How do you fulfill that?